Sam Gleske on 13 Mar 2012 08:25:49 -0700

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Re: [PLUG] Need some script advice

On Tue, Mar 13, 2012 at 10:47 AM, Michael Leone <> wrote:
> Note that I am not a Linux scripting guy by ANY stretch of the
> imagination. But I do have a simple script that I could use some
> advice on.
> I have a script that we use to transfer FTPed invoices from a machine
> on our DMZ to the trusted LAN. This script reaches out to the DMZ and
> runs a script that that ZIPs up all invoices it finds. Then my script
> RSYNCs it from the DMZ to the trusted LAN. This all works.
> Next, my script extracts out from the zip all the individual files,
> and moves them to a special folder. Then it makes a copy of the zip
> file in an archive folder. Then it deletes the zip from the working
> directory (since we safely have it in the archive).
> Well, somehow the script hiccupped the other day, and did NOT copy the
> zip from the working directory to the archive before deleting it. (no,
> I don't know why yet - possibly a credentials problem, the interactive
> run may not have been done by the right account. That's a separate
> problem).
> What I need to do: verify that the script exists in the archive BEFORE
> deleting. If it doesn't exist, I want it to email me.
> I know I can do (thank you Google, for the example):
> if [ -f zip-file-name]
> then
>     echo 'Adding to archive'
>     cp *.zip /Archive
>     mailx -s "All good!" ...
> else
>     echo 'File not found!'
>     mailx -s "Problem making archive! Come look" .....
> fi
> Here's what I don't know how to do - determine that zip-file-name, so
> I can check it. There will only ever be 1 zip file in the working
> directory. How do I capture that name, to then feed it into the code
> snippet above. I guess what I am asking:
> how can I save the name of the single file that is in this directory
> to a variable? (I will then use that variable in the test above)
> I'm sure it's simple, I just don't know how ...

Before I answer your script question, why do you need to copy?  Why
not mv the file to the archive?  This way if mv fails then the file
just isn't moved and there's no problem.  Then you could check if the
file is still in the current working directory instead of checking the

You could easily do it like this...
for file in *.zip;do
    if mv $file /Archive/; then
        echo "$file successfully added to archive."
        mailx -s "All good!" ...
        echo "Failed moving $file to archive!"
        mailx -s "Problem making archive! Come look" .....

I use the exit status of the mv command to determine rather than
checking the file still exists.  See how if statements work with exit
codes by reading the Bash Beginners Guide.

Assuming there is, and will always will be only one zip file you can
simply assign a variable like:
zipfilename=$(ls *.zip)
#or alternatively
zipfilename=`ls *.zip`

and then run the code you want.

If you have more than one zip file then you'll need to run a loop.

for file in *.zip;do
    if [ -f /Archive/$file]
	echo 'Adding to archive'
	cp *.zip /Archive
	mailx -s "All good!" ...
	echo 'File not found!'
	mailx -s "Problem making archive! Come look" .....

-- SAM
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